The mid 1980s saw the release of two classic graphic novels: Alan Moore's Watchmen and Frank Miller's The Dark Knight Returns. Both works complement each other and cover similar themes of political corruption, mass media culture, and the fascist subtext in superhero comics. Although Christopher Nolan's film trilogy did not directly adapt the The Dark Knight Returns, Miller's influence reigns over those pictures.
The story follows a world weary Bruce Wayne who chose to stand by as Gotham City descended into a dystopia. The crime rate skyrocketed. Batman's one man crusade against criminals appears to have been in vain. And he's not been seen in ten years. Many believe the Batman's a myth. A terrifying group of criminals known as the mutants are terrorizing the city. Meanwhile, Batman's longtime nemesis the Joker is about to be released from the sanatorium for good behavior. Even the Man of Steel appears as an unlikely villain.
In Miller's world, Superman still stands for the same values of truth, justice, and the American way - and that's the problem! For Superman is the Reagan administration's enforcer of justice and moral values. He's on the side of big business and the military-industrial complex - he went establishment! When Bruce Wayne comes out of retirement, the government decides to crack down on his one man crusade against the criminal underworld.
Miller's vision remains more relevant than ever. A recurring theme is the the mind numbing effect of 24 hour news coverage. The media plays on the people's fears for ratings. Doubts are also raised about Batman's psyche: Does he truly care about the people or does he do it because he enjoys inflicting punishment? There's an unsettling vibe in the story of living under the incessant dread of catastrophe.
As far as superhero stories go, you'll find nothing better. Miller wrote a classic. The artwork's iconic and groundbreaking. The Dark Knight Returns has not dated one iota.